Sildenafil citrate is the active ingredient in sildenafil, which is generally also called the blue pill. It is primarily used for the diagnosis of erectile dysfunction (ED), which is also known as impotence, in men. Erectile dysfunction is a situation or condition where a man is unable to obtain and / or maintain a penile erection adequate enough at the time of sexual intercourse. It happens when there is a lower blood flow to the penis. The low blood flow may be due to physical complications following an injury or major or minor diseases or due to some psychological conditions such as anxiety, stress etc.

Chronic lifestyle factors like – obesity, smoking, drinking, less physical exercise, unbalanced diet, etc. could also increase the problem of ED. Ed disease is mainly age-related, and the occurrence of mild to moderate or severe/serious ED could increase two-fold to three-fold between the ages of 40 and 55 years. Sildenafil drug relaxes the smooth muscles present in the wall of blood arteries and helps to improve the flow of blood to the penis. It acts well when the underlying cause of erectile dysfunction problem is physical, psychological, or both. If the underlying cause of erectile dysfunction is psychological, sildenafil drugs may or may not act, based on the seriousness of the condition. In cases of psychological causes alone or psychological and physical causes, it is important to undergo psychological counseling to obtain the best possible effect along with the standard of care which may include sildenafil. Sildenafil drugs may cause mild to moderate or serious side effects like – a prolonged and painful erection that lasts for more than 4 hours, problem in vision or both the eyes, hearing problem, stomach problems etc. it is recommended or prescribe to discuss a doctor immediately in case of such adverse conditions or situations. Note: it is also important to note that this sildenafil does not help any protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like – gonorrhea, HIV, etc. hence, adequate safety measures should be used at the time of having sexual intercourse. Sildenafil drug may also be used to diagnose pulmonary arterial hypertension (high blood pressure levels to the vessels connecting the heart and the lungs) only after taking into consideration all the pros and cons associated with its use. Sildenafil drug is commonly not recommended or prescribed for use in women and children. But for conditions such as pulmonary arterial hypertension in children aged less than one year and women, the treatment with sildenafil drug could be considered.

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